Energy, by providing mechanical, thermal and electrical support to human actions, can be considered as one of the determining factors for the economic and social development of a country. This characteristic means that the energy sector is directly associated to a technological development that aims at achieving higher quality and efficiency both in the production and in the application of energy resources.
The generation of electric energy in the world counts as main fuels, in order of participation:
In Brazil, however, hydroelectricity accounts for most of the electricity production. Among the largest energy consumers in the country are the industrial sector, the transport sector and the residences, in the same order.
The generation and transmission of energy rely on systems composed of power plants, transmission lines and distribution assets.
Source: Agência Nacional de Energia Elétrica