Among the main countries operating in the mineral sector are Brazil, Australia, Canada and South Africa. Particularly in Brazil, there has always been a very close relationship between economy and mineral extraction.
The main mineral products extracted from the soils are: iron, bauxite, alumina, gold, copper and manganese.
Characterized as the first stage of the iron and steel process, iron ore mining is the one that stands out in the economic scenario, with Brazil being the second largest producer of this ore in the world.
A mining operation involves several stages throughout its life cycle, such as: geological survey for location and identification of the ore, feasibility study, exploration and recovery of the affected zone.
Mineral processing can be divided into two parts:
The transport of ores presents three main routes: pipeline, train and ship.